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Conditions and Diseases
  • Allergies & Asthma
    Allergies and asthma are the most prevalent of all chronic diseases. They affect millions of people every day. Although some allergies are more dangerous than others, allergies and asthma pose challenges to anyone who must deal with them. (The Allergy/Asthma Information Association)
  • Alzheimer's Disease
    Alzheimer's Disease (AD) affects brain cells. It slowly destroys memory and thinking skills. Over time the ability to speak, remember, control emotions, and make decisions may be lost.
  • Arthritis
    The word arthritis literally means joint inflammation but often it is used to indicate a group of more than 100 rheumatic diseases. These diseases can affect not only the joints but also muscles, tendons, and ligaments as well as the skin and certain internal organs.
  • Attention-Deficit Hyperactive Disorder (ADHD)
    Attention Deficit Hyperactive Disorder (ADHD) is a disorder characterized by inattentiveness, impulsiveness, and hyperactivity resulting in significant impairment in functioning at home, school, or with peers.
  • Autism
    Autism is a complex developmental disability that usually appears during the first three years of life. Both children and adults with autism typically show difficulties in verbal and non-verbal communication, social interactions, and leisure or play activities. Autism is a spectrum disorder and it affects each individual differently and at varying degrees.
  • Breast Cancer
    The yearly estimate of new cases of breast cancer in Canada is about 21,800. It is the most commonly diagnosed cancer in women in Canada. The following list of resources offer important information about breast cancer.
  • Cancer
    Cancer is caused by abnormal and uncontrolled cell division. These abnormal cells can invade nearby tissues or spread through the bloodstream and lymphatic system to other parts of the body. The following list of resources provides important information about cancer.
  • Diabetes
    Diabetes is called the "silent killer" because if undetected, it increases the risk for a wide variety of health problems, including heart disease. The following resources offer more information about diabetes.
  • Digestive and Gastrointestinal Health
    Although many digestive and gastrointestinal health issues are not life-threatening, they can cause a lot of discomfort and have an impact on our quality of life. If left untreated, these problems can lead to more serious disorders. Therefore, it is important to recognize the early warning symptoms.
  • Eating Disorders
    Eating disorders affect thousands of Canadians. Anorexia nervosa, bulimia and binge eating can cause severe damage to both physical and emotional health and can even cause death. If you would like to learn more about eating disorders, the following books and web sites are recommended.
  • Epilepsy
    Epilepsy is a physical condition characterized by sudden, brief changes in how the brain works. It is a symptom of a neurological disorder - a disorder that affects the brain and shows itself in the form of seizures. Each year an average of 15,500 Canadians learn that they have epilepsy. (Epilepsy Canada)
  • Heart & Stroke
    Heart disease is any disease or condition of the heart including coronary, hypertensive or congenital disease, heart failure, valve, rhythm or conduction disorders, infections of the heart and cardiomyopathy. The following resources provide more information about heart disease.
  • Hepatitis
    Hepatitis is an inflammation of the liver. Different viruses cause hepatitis. All of these viruses cause acute, or short-term, viral hepatitis. The hepatitis B, C, and D viruses can also cause chronic hepatitis where the infection can be prolonged, even lifelong. The most common forms world-wide are hepatitis A, B and C. Although hepatitis A and B can be prevented by vaccine, there is no vaccine for hepatitis C. In Canada, hepatitis C is the leading cause of liver transplants. (Canadian Liver Foundation)
  • HIV/AIDS
    AIDS, acquired immunodeficiency syndrome, has become a major worldwide epidemic. It is caused by the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). The following list of resources relate to these topics.
  • Mental Disorders
    Over 20% of Canadians will suffer a mental disorder in their live time. This figure translates into 4.5 million people. Anxiety disorders and depression are the most common.
  • Multiple Sclerosis
    MS is thought to be an autoimmune disease, where a person's immune system mistakenly attacks normal tissues. MS attacks are aimed at the central nervous system. Myelin, which insulates the nerves and helps in the transmission of nerve impulses, is destroyed.
  • Obesity
    Obesity matters. Excess fat is not merely unfashionable, it’s dangerous. In the young it can cause poor self esteem and be socially isolating. In adulthood it can often lead to serious illness and premature death. (Childhood Obesity Foundation)
  • Osteoporosis
    Osteoporosis is often called the "silent disease" because bone loss occurs without symptoms. The following resources offer information about preventing and treating osteoporosis.
  • Sleep Disorders
    Sleep disorders include: insomnia; snoring; obstructive apnea; periodic limb movement; restless leg syndrome; bruxism; fatigue; sleep walking; night terrors; nightmares; narcolepsy; idiopathic hypersomnia; jet lag; shift work sleep disorder and ciradian rhythm disorders.[Toronto Sleep Institute]
  • Thyroid Disorders
    "It is estimated that 200 million people in the world have some form of thyroid disease. In Canada there is a staggering number of people affected. Recent studies indicate that 30% - over 10 million people - suffer from a thyroid condition of one type or another! That means one in every three Canadians has a thyroid disorder. Of those, as many as 50% are undiagnosed!" (Thyroid Foundation of Canada)
*Information provided by the Library's Health resources Web pages does not constitute a medical recommendation or endorsement by the Richmond Hill Public Library. Please read the library's disclaimer and copyright notice regarding linked sites. Decisions regarding your health should always involve the assistance of a professional health care professional. If you need immediate medical advice contact your own family physician or the Telehealth service at 1.866.797.0000.